Wolves among Sheeple
Fabian Society is located 61 Petty France, Westminster, London SW1H 9EU
Fabian Society is located 61 Petty France, Westminster, London SW1H 9EU
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Ethel Snowden, Viscountess Snowden, was a British socialist, human rights activist, and feminist politician. From a middle-class background, she became a Christian Socialist through a radical preacher and initially promoted temperance and teetotalism in the slums of Liverpool. She aligned to the Fabian Society and later the Independent Labour Party, earning an income by lecturing in Britain and abroad.
Snowden married the prominent Labour Party politician and future Chancellor of the Exchequer, Philip Snowden. She rose up the social scale in the 1920s, much to her pleasure, and she welcomed appointment as a Governor of the BBC and as a Director of the Royal Opera House. She tended to be a controversial public speaker, who would fill with enthusiasm for a project and pursue it to the disregard of anything that stood in her way; it was said of her that "tact or discretion were foreign to her nature".
After 1906 Snowden became increasingly active in supporting women's suffrage, being one of the national speakers for the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies. In 1914 Ethel Snowden was speaking at 200 public meetings a year on the subject, and temporarily resigned from the Independent Labour Party in order that her political allegiance did not cause problems with her campaigning on the issue. The Snowdens left Britain for a long, world-wide, lecture tour in July 1914; while they were in Canada, news came of the outbreak of war. Philip Snowden asked whether he should return but was told not to, possibly because of his known pacifism which Ethel shared.
She was near to being a complete pacifist, and joined her husband in campaigning for a negotiated peace in 1916. Since 1915, along with other women such as Agnes Harben, after the 1915 International Alliance of Women, Snowden felt a desire to develop a British campaigning organisation, and in 1917 she became the organiser and principal speaker for the Women's Peace Crusade, and estimated that she had addressed half a million people in the last year of the war.
At the end of the war, Snowden was elected to the National Executive Committee of the Labour Party in its Women's Section. This position made her a very prominent figure within the left-wing movements and led to a great deal of foreign travel, including to Berne and Vienna (to try to re-establish the Socialist International), Palestine, Georgia and twice to the United States. Most notably, she was named to a joint TUC-Labour Party delegation to Russia in early 1920 which was sent to be an impartial inquiry into the Bolshevik Revolution.
Conservative Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin appointed Ethel Snowden a governor of the newly established British Broadcasting Corporation in 1926, as a representative of women and of Labour; the appointment carried an annual salary of £750. The Snowdens found their financial position gradually eroding after 1931. Ethel's five-year appointment at the BBC expired at the end of 1931 and was renewed for only one year, but after Philip Snowden resigned from office over the principle of free trade that was their only regular income. When the appointment came up again, MacDonald did not renew it, a move was ascribed to personal spite.
Labour and Co-operative politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Leeds North West since the 2017 general election. He defeated the Liberal Democrat MP Greg Mulholland who had held the seat since 2005. His parents, Leopold and Ruth Sobel, migrated from Israel in 1971.
Sobel joined the Labour Party in 1997. In the 2005 general election, he was the Labour candidate for the Beaconsfield constituency, where he came third. Having previously run unsuccessfully in Leeds City Council elections from 2002 to 2007, he was elected as a Labour councillor for the Moortown ward in the 2012 council election, and was re-elected in the 2016 council election.
In December 2015, Sobel co-founded the activist group Open Labour. In the 2017 general election, he was elected as MP for Leeds North West, beating the Liberal Democrat incumbent Greg Mulholland. In October 2017, Sobel was elected as one of the officers of the All-Party Parliamentary Group on rare, genetic and undiagnosed conditions.
In 2019, he formed an All-Party Parliamentary Group aiming to reduce carbon emissions to net zero as early as possible. In July 2019, Sobel became Parliamentary Private Secretary to the shadow foreign secretary Emily Thornberry. He spoke at an Extinction Rebellion protest in October 2019. In April 2020, he became shadow minister for arts, heritage and tourism.
Katherine Githa Sowerby, also known under her pen name K. G. Sowerby, was an English playwright, children's writer, and member of the Fabian Society. A feminist, she was well-known during the early twentieth century for her 1912 hit play Rutherford & Son, but lapsed into obscurity in later decades.
Rutherford & Son was a "sensation" and a "massive success" in its 1912 London debut, running for 133 performances in London and 63 performances in New York. Literary critic Barrett Harper Clark, writing in 1915, declared it "among the most powerful works of the younger generation". It was also produced in Canada and Australia, and translated into numerous other languages, including German, French, Italian, Russian, and Bohemian.
Sparling became a socialist in 1878, and soon began lecturing on the topic. He began writing for Progress in 1884, and joined the Socialist League, serving on its executive, including a stint as secretary, and assisting William Morris with editing Commonweal from 1885 to 1890. Sparling married Morris' daughter, May, in 1890, but their marriage broke down in 1894 when she had an affair with George Bernard Shaw, and the couple divorced in 1898.
Sparling disassociated himself from the Socialist League along with Morris, as it became dominated by anarchists, and instead found work as a sub-editor for the People's Press, moving to the Worker's Cry in 1891. That year, he joined the Fabian Society, and served on its executive from 1892 until 1894, during this period also writing the "Fabian Notes" column for the Workman's Times. He was also secretary to William Morris' Kelmscott Press in this period.
Dr Howard Geoffrey Alvan Stoate is a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for the Dartford constituency in Kent from 1997 to 2010. He went to the independent Kingston Grammar School and at King's College London, gaining an MSc and Diploma of the RCOG (DRCOG). Stoate was a junior hospital doctor from 1977 to 1981, then a general practitioner in Bexleyheath from 1982, and a GP tutor at Queen Mary's Hospital in Sidcup from 1989. He was a Dartford Borough Councillor from 1990 to 99, Chair of Finance 1995–97.
He was elected MP for Dartford in 1997, having previously contested the seat in 1992 and Old Bexley and Sidcup in 1987. Having won the seat, he was re-elected in 2001 and 2005. He served as Parliamentary Private Secretary to Estelle Morris between 2003 and 2005. Stoate announced on 28 July 2009 that he would stand down at the next election. He has also written a number of pamphlets for the Fabian Society including 'Challenging the Citadel' in 2006. On leaving Parliament he became Chair of the Bexley Clinical Commissioning Group, having continued to practice as a GP during his parliamentary career.
A journalist by profession, Strachey was elected to Parliament in 1929. He was initially a disciple of Oswald Mosley, and, feeling that the Second Labour Government was not doing enough to combat unemployment, joined Mosley in founding the New Party in 1931. He broke with Mosley later in the year and so did not follow him into fascism. Strachey lost his seat in 1931, was a Communist sympathiser for the rest of the 1930s and broke with the Communist Party in 1940.
In 1923 Strachey began writing for the Independent Labour Party (ILP) publication New Leader. Strachey joined the Labour Party in 1923 and in 1924 he was the unsuccessful Labour candidate for Birmingham Aston. He became a close ally of Oswald Mosley, then an up-and-coming Labour politician who had contested Birmingham Ladywood. n 1925 Mosley and Strachey published the “Birmingham Proposals”, calling for better policies to deal with unemployment. In 1925 Strachey published Revolution by Reason, calling for money-printing, redistribution and state planning. In 1926, during the General Strike, he became editor of the ILP's Socialist Review and of The Miner.
Strachey was sympathetic to Marxist analysis, but disliked class warfare. In 1928 he visited the USSR. On 24 April 1929 he married Esther Murphy (c1899-1962), the daughter of a New York department store owner. Mosley was his best man. At the 1929 general election he became the MP for Birmingham Aston and Mosley's Parliamentary private secretary. In May 1930 Mosley and Strachey resigned over the government's unemployment policies. In 1930 he visited the USSR for a second time. In February 1931 Strachey supported Mosley in founding the New Party, but he resigned in July 1931 when Mosley rejected socialism and close links with the USSR.
By this time Strachey's marriage had failed, and he renewed an old relationship with Celia Simpson (1900–79), the daughter of a clergyman. She had been sacked from The Spectator for being too left-wing, having joined the Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB). In the October 1931 election, Strachey defended his seat at Aston as an independent pro-communist workers’ candidate, but was defeated. He applied to join the CPGB himself but was rejected in the summer of 1932 as an unreliable intellectual.
Mosley's British Union of Fascists (BUF) organized a large rally at the Olympia Hall in London in June 1934. A counter-demonstration was organized, and the rally turned into a violent disturbance in which many were injured. A Committee for Coordinating Anti-Fascist Activities was formed, with Strachey as secretary, sponsored by the World Committee Against War and Fascism (Amsterdam-Pleyel). When the BUF staged another demonstration of 3,000 Fascists in Hyde Park, London on 9 September 1934, Strachey's committee organized a major counter-demonstration by 20,000 anti-Fascists.
trachey assisted the publisher Victor Gollancz and Harold Laski in founding the Left Book Club in 1936. As the author of The Coming Struggle for Power (1932), and a series of other significant works, Strachey was one of the most prolific and widely read British Marxist-Leninist theorists of the 1930s. He wrote what the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (ODNB) calls “the most influential popularisations of Marxism that were ever published in English”. He criticised the economics of John Maynard Keynes from a Marxist perspective before himself becoming a Keynesian. He often wrote for the monthly bulletin Left News.
Martha Beatrice Webb, Baroness Passfield was an English sociologist, economist, socialist, labour historian and social reformer. It was Webb who coined the term collective bargaining. She was among the founders of the London School of Economics and played a crucial role in forming the Fabian Society. Webb was a lacto-vegetarian (pure vegetarian), she described herself as an "anti-flesh-fish-egg-alcohol-coffee-and-sugar eater".
The Webbs became active members of the Fabian Society. With the Fabians' support, Beatrice Webb co-authored books and pamphlets on socialism and the co-operative movement including The History of Trade Unionism (1894) and Industrial Democracy (1897). In 1895, the Fabians used part of an unexpected legacy of £10,000 from Henry Hutchinson, a solicitor from Derby, to found the London School of Economics and Political Science.
The influence of the Webbs on the Fabian Society and its policies were attacked by H.G. Wells. For a time he joined the Society but was critical of its cautious approach: "They permeate English society with their reputed Socialism about as much as a mouse may be said to permeate a cat". For her part, Beatrice voiced disapproval of Wells' "sordid intrigue" with the daughter of a veteran Fabian Sydney Olivier. He responded by lampooning the couple in his 1911 novel The New Machiavelli as Altiora and Oscar Bailey, a pair of short-sighted, bourgeois manipulators.
In 1913, the Webbs co-founded the New Statesman, a political weekly edited by Clifford Sharp with contributions from many philosophers, economists and politicians of the day, including George Bernard Shaw and John Maynard Keynes. The Webbs became members of the Labour Party in late 1914. At the end of World War I Beatrice collaborated with her husband Sidney in his writings and policy statements such as Labour and the New Social Order (1918).
Ivan Maisky, the Soviet Union's Ambassador to the United Kingdom during much of the Second World War, was friendly with Webb. In a conversation with Webb on 10 October 1939, Maisky quoted her as stating:
"Churchill is not a true Englishman, you know. He has Negro blood. You can tell even from his appearance".
Sadiq Aman Khan (born 8 October 1970) is a politician serving as Mayor of London since 2016. He previously was Member of Parliament (MP) for Tooting from 2005 until 2016. A member of the Labour Party, Khan is on the party's soft left and has been ideologically characterised as a social democrat.
Born in Tooting, South London, to a working-class naturalised Pakistani family with roots in modern Uttar Pradesh, India, Khan earned a law degree from the University of North London. He subsequently worked as a solicitor specialising in human rights issues and chaired the Liberty advocacy group for three years. Joining the Labour Party, Khan was a Councillor for the London Borough of Wandsworth from 1994 to 2006 before being elected MP for Tooting at the 2005 general election.
He was a vocal supporter of the unsuccessful Britain Stronger in Europe and People's Vote campaigns for the UK to remain in the European Union and a second referendum on Brexit, respectively. As well as having a strained relationship with former Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn, whose socialist platform Khan thought unelectable, he attracted international attention for his Twitter arguments with United States President Donald Trump. Khan claims "the reason I was singled out was not because of any other reason than my faith but not evidently; by the colour of his skin."
In 2016, Sadiq Khan ran to become the mayor of London and was elected with 57% of the vote. He is London's first Muslim mayor and first ethnic minority mayor. Khan was officially sworn in as Mayor in a multi-faith ceremony held in Southwark Cathedral the following day. His first act as mayor was his appearance at a Holocaust memorial ceremony in a rugby stadium in North London, although due to delays with the results of the election, he officially took office on 9 May.
Khan served as Chairman of the socialist Fabian Society, remaining on its Executive Committee. In 2008, the Fabian Society published Khan's book, Fairness Not Favours. In this work, Khan argued that the Labour Party had to reconnect with British Muslims, arguing that it had lost the trust of this community as a result of the Iraq War. He also said that British Muslims had their own part to play in reconnecting with politicians, arguing that they needed to rid themselves of a victim mentality and take greater responsibility for their own community.
In December 2013, the Fabian Society published a collection of essays edited by Khan that was titled Our London. In the House of Commons in January 2009, Khan criticised Pope Benedict XVI for the rehabilitation of Bishop Richard Williamson following his remarks about the Holocaust, a move he described as "highly unsavoury" and of "great concern".
Khan has described himself as a "proud feminist". In April 2019, Khan joined the Jewish Labour Movement. He criticised the Trump administration's decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. Khan said that the British government should apologise for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in British-ruled India. Khan condemned the plans for a protest march against the Narendra Modi's government over India's treatment of Kashmir